cristobal olivares

Photographer
  
They are marking us
Location: Santiago,Chile
Nationality: Chilean
Biography: Cristóbal Olivares, born in Santiago, Chile in 1988, is a documentary photographer with a special interest in social affairs. He is the co-founder of  Buen Lugar , an independent editorial initiative that publishes books and... read on
Public Story
They are marking us
They are marking us - Chile's social outbreak
The Chilean rebellion began on October 18th, 2019. The trigger was a 4.1% increase in the subway fare ($30 CLP = $0.039 USD). This provoked massive evasions from the subway, at first by high school students, but later generalized and spread throughout the country. This discontent led to one of the largest social uprisings in recent decades: on October 25th, the most massive protest on record since the end of the Augusto Pinochet's dictatorship took place, after than more than a million people took to the streets to demand social changes.

The demands are diverse and are still active: change in the pension system, increase of the minimum wage, better public health, a new Constitution and the resignation of President Sebastián Piñera. In response to the protests, the president declared a State of Emergency during the first days of the rebellion, which led to the suspension of basic freedoms, including free movement. Curfews were imposed for the first time since the dictatorship and the strong police repression on the protestors has been historical.

By early March 2020, around 3,838 people had been injured and according to the Chilean Society of Ophthalmologists and human rights organizations, 460 of them ended up with serious eye complications, loss of the eyeball, and also loss of sight. This figure has made Chile a world record for eye mutilation, due to the indiscriminate use of pellets and tear gas bombs by special forces of the Carabineros, who have shot their weapons directly into the faces of the protesters.

Nos están marcando - La rebelión social Chilena
La rebelión chilena comenzó el 18 de octubre del 2019. El detonante fue el aumento de un 4,1% en la tarifa del metro ($30 CLP = $0,039 USD). Esto provocó evasiones masivas del metro, al comienzo de los estudiantes secundarios pero que luego se generalizaron y expandieron por todo el país. Este descontento llevó a uno de los mayores levantamientos sociales de las últimas décadas: el 25 de octubre se desarrolló la protesta más masiva de la que se tenga registro desde el final de la dictadura de Augusto Pinochet, luego de que más de un millón de personas salieran a las calles a exigir cambios sociales.

Las demandas son variadas y aún siguen vigentes: cambio en el sistema de pensiones, aumento del sueldo mínimo, mejor salud pública, una nueva Constitución y la renuncia del presidente Sebastián Piñera. En respuesta a las protestas, el presidente declaró Estado de Emergencia durante los primeros días de la rebelión, lo que provocó la suspensión de libertades básicas, incluido el libre desplazamiento. Se impusieron toques de queda por primera vez desde la dictadura y la fuerte represión policial hacia los manifestantes ha sido histórica.

A principios de marzo del 2020, alrededor de 3.838 personas habían resultado heridas y según la Sociedad Chilena de Oftalmólogos y organizaciones de derechos humanos, 460 de ellas terminaron con complicaciones oculares graves, pérdida del glóbulo ocular y también de la vista. Esta cifra ha convertido a Chile en récord mundial en mutilación ocular, debido al uso indiscriminado de perdigones y bombas lacrimógenas por parte de fuerzas especiales de Carabineros, quienes han disparado sus armas directamente al rostro de los manifestantes.

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