I grew up on a farm in Pennsylvania and later lived in California and New Mexico where I worked as an aerospace engineer. I eventually returned to rural Pennsylvania where I am working on documentary projects involving the changes in rural life...
Focus:Photographer, Photojournalist, Fine Art, Environment, History, Photography, Art
Skills:Photo Assisting, Historical Processing, Black & White Printing, Color Printing, Film Processing, Film Photography
Anthracite is mined largely by hand using the same 19th century techniques as generations before. The coal seams are narrow and steep which prevents use of large equipment. Unlike the large bituminous mines which have hundreds of people working below the anthracite mines have only a handful.
A core of anthracite miners work in mines owned by their families. Others move from mine to mine as employment conditions change. There are fewer than a dozen independent, family-owned anthracite mines left in Pennsylvania, down from 140 in 1985. Most employ fewer than 6 people.