Joan Mateu

Photographer
  
Spain's Rocío Piligrimage Party
Biography: I am a photojournalist working on both daily news and long term projects. Based in Barcelona, I specialize in the Catalonia conflict and have been photographing the “separatist process” for the past 5 years. For the past year, I have... MORE
Public Story
Spain's Rocío Piligrimage Party
Copyright Joan Mateu 2023
Updated Oct 2022
( Story for The Associated Press )
After two-year hiatus forced by the pandemic, tens of thousands of pilgrims- many of them outiftted in tiered flamenco dresses, crisp riding suits and wide-brimmed Cordoba hats- descended on the tiny Spanish village of El Rocío to take part in riotously colorful and ancient festival, la Romería del Rocío, or the Rocío virgin pilgrimage.

For several days, droves of people — entire families or groups of friends — wind their way across different country paths and roads, many of them on foot while others go by horse or in elaborately decorated horse-drawn wagons or caravans, kicking up clouds of dust in the sun-baked countryside of southern Andalucía as they go.

The pilgrimage, organized by dozens of “brotherhoods” is a veritable explosion of colour and revelry. A heady mix of religion and raucous celebration, the style of dress, food, drink and song are as much a part of the festival as devotion to the virgin. The pilgrims eat out in the countryside and often camp out there, too.The pilgrimage attracts young and old, and the pervading feeling this year was one of joy at being able to once again celebrate a pilgrimage that is iconic to Andalusian culture.“The Rocío is something that cannot be explained. You have to come here and feel it,” said 15-year-old Antonio Carlos Martín Duque, who rode a horse.Antonio Molina Sánchez, 47, from nearby Huelva city, described his family's delight in making the pilgrimage after two years of cancellations. "For a family like ours that live for it — a ‘Rociera’ family — it´s joy.”

This year's procession was cut short by several hours after the float developed a structural problem, forcing officials to bring back the virgin to its chapel, or shrine.The roots of the Romería del Rocío pilgrimage stretch back centuries when, as the legend has it, a statue of the Virgin Mary was stumbled upon in a hollowed-out tree trunk near the town of Almonte, which the village of Rocío belongs to.  

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Spain's Rocío Piligrimage Party by Joan Mateu
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