Solmaz Daryani

Photographer
    
IN THE DESERT OF WETLANDS
Location: United Kingdom
Nationality: Iranian
Biography: Solmaz Daryani is an Iranian photographer and photojournalist, based between the UK and Iran. Her work is particularly known for exploring the themes of climate security, climate change, water crisis, human identity and environment. Daryani has... read on
Public Story
IN THE DESERT OF WETLANDS
Credits: solmaz daryani
Date of Work: 02/01/18 - 06/30/18
Updated: 03/11/20
Location: iran

My homeland, Iran, is mainly suffering from water scarcity and socioeconomic drought, where, water consumptions immensely exceeds the natural water supply. On July 7th 2018, Iran's Interior Minister warned that the water crisis in Iran is becoming a "big social crisis" and climate migration can change Iran's face in five years. Despite huge investment in water infrastructures, water scarcity echoes through an alarming rise of insufficient drinking water in many cities and villages, damaging flora and fauna and severely affecting agricultural products.


Sistan-and-Balouchestan Province, bordering Afghanistan and Pakistan in south-east Iran, is the largest Iranian province with more than 2.8 million people. Life in this province is strongly water-dependent. Farmer communities, as well as the experience around the Hamun wetlands, rely on the Hirmand River that flows from Afghanistan to Iran. Quoting from the Zabul representative in the Iranian parliament(Mr.Habibolah Dehmarde), in the past two decades, 25-30% of the population of the Sistan region have migrated to the suburbs of other cities due to the lack of access to water for farming, unemployment and the death of Hamun wetlands and their ecosystem.


 
The Hamun wetlands – a historical natural heritage for Iranians and Afghans – are recognized under the Ramsar Convention, were once the largest freshwater lake in Iran's plain. Hamuns is now turned to a sea of sand, suffers from droughts, unsustainable management and Iran-Afghanistan disputes over their transboundary rivers and shared wetlands.


The Hamun once covered an area of 4,000 square kilometres and held communities reaching back to 5000 years is an environmental calamity. My project aims to focus on water crisis, climate change in the south and south-east of Iran to demonstrate environmental, economic, and social impacts of drought that happened in recent years.


To feel and believe the water crisis and its impacts on society, you need to see it. I feel responsible for reminding humans that by destroying wetlands, nature, and ecosystems, they are hurting themselves. By covering and telling stories through photography, I want to raise public awareness urge for taking actions and changing attitudes.


 
 


 
 



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