Paul Patrick Borhaug

Photographer + Writer
      
The Secret of the Sahara: The Saharawi
Location: Oslo, Norway
Nationality: Norwegian
Biography: Paul Patrick Borhaug  is a photographer and writer from Norway, who primarily works on environmental, political and cultural issues. His images has been published by National Geographic, The New York Times, United Nations , Huffington Post,... read on
Public Story
The Secret of the Sahara: The Saharawi
Credits: paul patrick borhaug
Date of Work: 03/15/16 - 05/10/16
Updated: 03/26/19

(Arabic:صحراويون‎ ṣaḥrāwīyūn; Berber:Iseḥrawiyen; Moroccan Arabic: صحراوةṢeḥrawa).

In the barren desert landscape of Algerias southwesternmost corner - an area known as “The Devil´s Backyard” due to its harsh climate - there lies an enclave of refugee camps inhabited by apeople called the Saharawi, meaning “the people of Sahara”. While the Saharawi people is originally a nomadic people and are found in various parts of the Sahara, they are also the original people of the state of Western Sahara. Today, however, most of Western Sahara is occupied by Morocco.

Following Moroccos “Green March”into Western Sahara in 1975, the majority of the Saharawi people were forced to flee, particularly due to Moroccan aerial bombardment, which included napalm and cluster bombs. Morocco then installed the world´s largest minefield and built a 2500-kilometre-long Berlinwall of the desert which cut through Western Sahara, making it the second longest wall in the world (after the Great Wall of China). This wall divided almost every Saharawi family. To this day, 40 years after the invasion, many families remain divided.

The UN resolution process has been at a stalemate for decades; in the Security Council France prevents investigations into human rights violations to be undertaken in Western Sahara; The EU exploits Western Saharan natural resources and undermines UN peace keeping efforts through fisheries-agreements with Morocco which are in violation with international law; the Moroccan government gives tax relief to anyone who will settle down in the occupied territories, while local Saharawis are being discriminated and violently abused; a wide range of multinational companies exploits Western Sahara´s resources, especially large oil companies such as KOSMOS Energy and Total, but also the phosphate resources and agricultural resources are being plundered. Western Sahara was never decolonised from Spain and remains today Africa´s last colony – both on paperand in practice.

From the Western world Western Sahara is experiencing a kind of realpolitik, in which Western governments prioritise geopolitical and economic interests over international law and human rights.

While this forgotten crisis continues to play out below the radar of international media, the hundreds of thousands refugees exiled in the Algerian desert have no other option than to wait and try their best to not lose all hope.

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By Paul Patrick Borhaug —

VISUAL STORY

Analoguesques

By Paul Patrick Borhaug
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Street (Colour)

By Paul Patrick Borhaug / mumbai, india
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Street/Fine Art

By Paul Patrick Borhaug
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Travel

By Paul Patrick Borhaug
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Portraits

By Paul Patrick Borhaug — Portraits Encounters with humanity around the world. (Click on image to view individually with captions)
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The kumhari of Dharavi

By Paul Patrick Borhaug — The Kumhari  (or Kumbhara , Kubhara , Kumar , Kumor , Kubar , Khubar ) is popularly known as a..
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Paradise Lost / The Guarani Kaiowà

By Paul Patrick Borhaug / Dourados, mato grosso do sul — Paradise Lost The name of the tribe Guarani-Kaiowá means ‘forest people’. The Brazilian state they live in,..
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The Walls Have Eyes

By Paul Patrick Borhaug — The Walls Have Eyes This project seeks to question the increasing use of surveillance technology (CCTV) in..
VISUAL STORY

The Witch Village

By Paul Patrick Borhaug — In rural parts of West Africa, witchcraft remains a firm belief. When unexpected deaths in the family or..
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Sabarimala Pilgrimage

By Paul Patrick Borhaug — With an estimated 45-50 million pilgrims arriving each year, the Sabarimala Pilgrimage is the largest..
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Pataxo Hahahe

By Paul Patrick Borhaug
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Khat in Ethiopia

By Paul Patrick Borhaug / HARAR, ETHIOPIA — The End of Ethiopia´s Green Gold? Khat, or catha edulis, is a flowering plant native to the Horn of Africa..
VISUAL STORY

Feminist Wrestling in Bolivia

By Paul Patrick Borhaug — Every Sunday in El Alto, a suburb of La Paz, indigenous Aymara women dressed in bowler hats, braided hair,..
VISUAL STORY

Somaliland - An Unrecognised Success Story

By Paul Patrick Borhaug / somaliland — Following the brutal warfare of Siad Barré, Somaliland declared it independence from Somalia in 1991. Since..
VISUAL STORY

The Dirty Secret of the information Age - E-waste in Ghana

By Paul Patrick Borhaug / Accra, Ghana
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The Matsés

By Paul Patrick Borhaug / Javari, Peru — The Matsés are an indigenous people whose territories are divided by the Brazil-Peru border in the remote..
VISUAL STORY

The Violence of Silence

By Paul Patrick Borhaug — The Violence of Silence is a project that seeks to portray life in a forgotten or silenced conflict, where..
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