Neven Grujić was born in Serbia in 1967. Inspired by the thought that people who don’t travel end up thinking only about the values of their own society and culture and therefore they are deprived of new learnings and experiences, he went on...
The city of Jharia lies in the center of India's largest coal belt, in the northeast Indian state of Jharkhand. The coal needed to produce steel and operate Indian thermal power plants is being mined in this area. Jharkhand is currently the second largest coal producer in the world. Immediately behind leading China, India provides enough coal for its own use, and has enough for worldwide exports. 90% of the mines are open and active, with continuous digging as well as spontaneous combustion of coal releasing unprecedented amounts of carbon monoxide, which directly affects global warming. People living in this region suffer from severe respiratory and skin problems. Forced to breathe in harmful, even deadly air, they live only ten meters away from the excavations.Their properties have been destroyed and the only source of income is coal theft. The stolen coal is then converted to turmeric and, as such, sold illegally on the black market.
The Indian state is unsuccessfully trying to solve this problem by relocating the entire population of Jharia to the newly built city of Belgharia.
The state-run resettlement initiative is the largest of its kind, aiming to relocate 70,000 families from their homes.
Flames break through the ground from coal fires that burn underground at an open cast mine in Laltanganj village. Many of the villagers are relocated to Belgaria as part of the goverment's help program, but some of the villagers refused to go. India 2020
Ilegal miners collect coal in the early morning hours. The coal mine belonging to the BCCL company has been closed for years, but even without any general knowledge about mining they risk their lives every day anyway. India 2020
A man is transporting packed charcoal to sell at ilegal market in the nearby city of Dhanbad. Usually the load weighs around 350 kg. Every sack sells for around $1.5. The majority of buyers are common people that use the charcoal in their households. India 2020
Families from various villages with underground fires have been rehabilitated in Belgharia township. The state-run resettlement initiative is the largest of its kind, aiming to relocate 70,000 families from their homes. Unemployment and alcohol abuse is very common. Belgharia, India 2020