Maranie is an independent photographer, videographer and journalist currently based in Portland, Oregon. Her work focuses on human rights and social justice issues, social movements, displacement and the impact(s) of conflict on individuals and...
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On Christmas Eve Santa Claus visited the Matamoros camp and listened to the wishes of over two hundred children. While many smiled and laughed when they sat with the man in red velvet others, like brother Leo and Santino, seemed distant. The prolonged displacement of those seeking asylum at the United States/Mexico border is particularly difficult for children who have no proper school, organized activities or sense of stability in their young lives.
After months of waiting in Matamoros, Mexico, some asylum seekers have begun to return to the countries they initially fled, a clear indication that the new protocol is successfully deterring those seeking asylum.
Current estimates are that the camp is home to around 2,500 people, most from Central America. Food, clothing, shelter, and medical needs are being met by individuals, self-organized groups of citizens and a few NGOs.
I had to laugh when I realized what Armando was yelling as his father took pleasure in using a big splash to remove soap from his sons head. “Hace frío, hace frío. Papá, para!” (It’s cold, it’s cold. Dad, stop!) It was such a relatable moment. As one of four, my father often took harmless fun in giving his children some tough love. At the same time, their lives are very different from mine and yours. Armando and his father Ernesto are among the 60,000 asylum-seekers that have been turned away at our Southern border since the Administration’s “Migrant Protection Protocol” (MPP) was enacted last year. Armando, Ernesto and approximately 2,500 other individuals are currently living in a makeshift tent camp in Matamoros, Mexico as they wait to have their asylum claims adjudicated. Although the MPP protocol was supposed to provide some semblance of aid very little has been provided. These individuals, the majority women and children, lack adequate water, food, access to medical care, shelter from the weather and winter temperatures and access legal aid. The father/son duo was not just in the Rio Grande River for a swim, they were bathing and washing their clothes because few other options exist.
The makeshift tent camp in Matamoros Mexico occupies a quarter mile stretch of land along the Rio Grande River. Exposed to the elements, when it rains tents flood and the grounds quickly deteriorate into thick mud.
Volunteers and teachers from Texas from Brownsville, Texas brought notebooks, crayons and small gifts for some of the children living in the Matamoros tent camp. A group of approximately 100 kids drew and practiced their English words as an instructor spoke to them about Christmas.
Every evening a rotating group of volunteers from Brownsville, Texas make the trek across the Gateway International Bridge to deliver a meal to the estimated 2,500 asylum seekers living in a makeshift tent camp in Matamoros, Mexico. Food distribution takes place just feet from the United States border and those receiving a meal often eat in the concrete plaza that stretches in front of the Gateway International Bridge.
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The wagons teem with trays of glazed ham, sweet potato casserole, coleslaw, and hundreds of festively decorated cookies. Others contain books and crayons for children, an assortment of candy canes and several hundred blinking necklaces fashioned after holiday lights. A team of 25 volunteers tow the goods across the Gateway International bridge that divides Brownsville, Texas and Matamoros, Mexico. The self-organized, rotating crew has been making the same walk every evening for the last year to provide a warm meal for displaced families on the other side. But tonight is different.
It’s Christmas and everyone is dressed in red and green with Santa hats atop their heads, and they are en route to provide some semblance of a holiday cheer to the estimated 2,500 people who now call this tent city home. “Why am I here? For me it’s simple. I have grandchildren the same age as many of these kids. I would want someone to do the same for them,” Melba Salazar-Lucio said.Melba is one of 25 volunteers that served over 500 pounds of ham, 300 pounds of sweet potato casserole, 100 pounds cole slaw, and 3,600 homemade Christmas cookies.
Few aid agencies are present in the camp, and none provide regular food. The asylum-seekers have become reliant on the volunteers who provide prepared food and raw ingredients; the latter allows the families to cook for their children and retain some autonomy.
The camp has exploded in population over the past year as a result of the Trump Administration’s Migrant Protection Protocol, better known as the “Remain in Mexico” policy, which requires asylum seekers to wait in Mexico while their claims are adjudicated in the United States. To be eligible for asylum in the U.S., someone must prove they're fleeing persecution connected to one of five reasons: their race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion.
The asylum-seekers are primarily from Honduras, Guatemala, El Salvador, and Cuba. Most have been here for months, several for nearly a year and all are waiting for their claims to be processed. So far more than 60,000 people have been turned away under the policy and less than 0.1% have been granted asylum, according to Amnesty International. In lieu of a physical wall the protracted, confusing, and lengthy asylum process has in effect become a bureaucratic wall.
“In Honduras it was not safe for me or my son,” said Mikaila, 37, who arrived with her 7-year-old son Daniel last week. She said she had been sexually assaulted in the summer, and her husband had been murdered. “I do not know what will happen but next year I hope we can have Christmas in the United States. That is why I left everything behind. For my son. I want him to have a chance at a good life, a chance at the American dream.” Feet from the border an expanse of hundreds of colorful camping tents and blue tarps begins at the main plaza and then overflows onto a narrow strip of land along the edge of the Rio Grande River. The makeshift campsite stretches for a quarter of a mile and is juxtaposed against the urban streets of Matamoros.Under the bridge that divides the two countries, mothers bathe their children in the Rio Grande and fathers wash clothing, utensils, and their own bodies. The river is known to be contaminated with E. coli and other bacteria, but it offers a momentary reprieve from the chaos, fear, and uncertainty of the wait. Some tents sleep four or five people, and many are arranged into small communities. There are fire pits used for cooking, a long row of porta potties, and portable sinks for washing hands and dishes.The team of volunteers, many from Brownsville and some from across the country, are among several thousand who have stepped in to fill the void left by absent governments to provide food, medical care, clothing and shelter. Volunteers with Team Brownsville, Angry Tias and Abuelas, and The Resource Center Matamoros are three core groups that regularly provide aid, but each has also welcomed volunteers from throughout the United States and Europe. “We are very conscientious of the emotional state of asylum seekers during this period of separation from their families and we try to facilitate a sense of belonging during the holidays,” said Gaby Zavala, a resident of Brownsville and mother of two who founded Resource Center Matamoros.
A member of Team Brownsville shared hand-written letters to Santa on Facebook, and donors responded en masse. Several hundred backpacks labelled with each child’s name were distributed to an excited mob of tiny, outstretched hands. Each contained age-appropriate books, the gift requested and a tiny reading lamp. With little light at night and no security or proper school, the books and nightlights aim to encourage children to read within the relative safety of their tents. Though each group meets slightly different needs, come Christmastime their collective aim is to bring something of a holiday to families and children living in limbo. This year adults and children alike stand in line with paper plates to receive traditional American food, cups of Kool-Aid, and sit together on the concrete curb that surrounds the main plaza. As dusk turns to darkness, the three hundred children draped with battery-powered necklaces of lights provide a colorful spectacle as they run about the grounds. Jingle bells and "Feliz Navidad" plays from a speaker someone has connected to their phone. The grounds were lit only by distant stadium lights, smoldering campfires, and the soft glow of red and green Christmas lights. Santa Claus was not deterred by the darkness or lack of chimney and made a surprise visit to Matamoros. Cloaked in red velvet and an unconvincing white beard, Santa stayed for hours as children took turns sitting on his lap. Some whispered secret wishes into his ear and others seemed content to just be in his embrace.
For moments and even a few hours the atmosphere feels light, joyous and almost “normal.”